External sources

Find additional information on the media. The database below provides you with links to media-related industry organisations, research institutes, public authorities and databases at Nordic, European and international levels.


Aikakauslehtien Liitto
Finnish Periodical Publishers' Association

Branch organisation for magazine publishers. Selected statistics on magazines in Finland. In most cases the data cover members' publications only.

Ålands statistik och utredningsbyrå (ÅSUB)
Statistics and Research Åland

Statistics and Research Åland (ÅSUB) is an independent public organization, which functions as the official statistics authority in Åland. In 2020, ÅSUB carried out the survey "Medievanor på Åland 2020" [Media Habits in Åland 2020] covering both general media habits as well as news habits during the corona pandemic. The results are presented in Swedish.

Avisåret (årlig rapport, Sigurd Høst)
The Newspaper Year (annual report)

The annual publication Avisåret compiles and presents information on all Norwegian newspapers published at least once a week. Responsible is researcher Sigurd Høst. The reports are available online, in Norwegian only. The latest report, Avisåret 2020. Papiraviser og betalte nettaviser, was published in 2021. (The link leads to an archive of Volda University publications, enter Avisåret or Papiraviser in the search box.)

AVMSD database

The database AVMSD database offers information on how the Audiovisual Media Services Directive is being applied in each country. AVMSD database is available on the website of EAO, a European public service body comprising 40 member states and the European Community, represented by the European Commission. See also EAO, under "General Audiovisual Statistics".

The Danish Booksellers Association

Branch organisation for booksellers in Denmark. Together with the Danish Publishers (Danske Forlag), the organisation conducts the annual survey "Danskernes Bogkøb", in which a a representative sample of Danes are asked about their book buying habits.


Branch organisation for booksellers in Norway. Provides market statistics and a reading survey measuring the population's attitudes to books and their reading and buying habits (Leserundersøkelsen). The reading survey is conducted every other year in cooperation with the Norwegian Publishers' Association (Den Norske Forleggerforening).

CMFE Community Media Forum Europe

Organisation for non-commercial radio and TV in Europe. Information and links to policy documents, consultancy reports, research reports, etc.

Council of Europe – DG on Human Rights

The Council of Europe Directorate-General on Human Rights includes activities on Protecting media freedom, e.g. the European Convention on Transfrontier Television.

Danmarks Statistik: Her finder du statistik om brug af medier i Danmark
Statistics Denmark: Find statistics about media use in Denmark

The national statistical office presents two lists of where to find data on media use in Denmark. One list covers sources providing data on media use in the whole population, and the other list has with focus on media use among children and youth.

Danmarks Statistik: Statistikbanken
Statistics Denmark: Statbank Denmark

National statistical office. Database providing basic statistics on newspapers, magazines, books and libraries, radio, television, Internet and cultural habits (including media use). Available in Danish and English. Also conducts regular surveys on e.g. household's possessions of consumer goods like PC, Internet, digital TV, etc.

Dansk Online Index (DOI)

Official data for Danish internet traffic, handled by the Association of Danish Media (Danske Medier Research).

Danske Forlag
Danish Publishers

The trade association of Danish publishers. Presents annual statistics on the Danish book market (sales, titles produced, etc.). Together with the Danish Booksellers Assocation (Boghandlerforeningen), the association conducts the annual survey "Danskernes Bogkøb", in which a a representative sample of Danes are asked about their book buying habits.

Danske Medier
The Association of Danish Media

Industry organisation for Danish media publishers. Through the affiliated organisations Danske Medier Research and the Danish Media Audit of Circulations, the Association is involved in a number of official industry-recognised measurements concerning e.g. newspaper and magazine readershipcirculations, web traffic and advertising. The association is the result of a fusion in 2013 of a number of branch organisations (Dansk Dagblades Forening, Danske Specialmedier, Dansk Magazinpresses Udgiverforening, FDIM Foreningen af Danske InternetMedier, Radioerne, etc.).

Danske Mediers Oplagskontrol (DMO)
Danish Media Audit of Circulations (DMO)

The Danish Media Audit of Circulations provides audited circulation data mainly on local weeklies (ugeaviser) and periodicals/magazines. The organization, active from 2015,  is affiliated with the Association of Danish Media (Danske Medier). Previously, the circulation data in Denmark were provided by the Danish Audit Bureau of Circulation, which was closed down in 2014, as a conseqeunce of a number of major newspapers and magazines leaving the audit control.

Danskernes Kulturvaner (Kulturvaneundersøgelsen)
Danish Cultural Habits

A survey covering cultural habits, media consumption and leisure activities in Denmark. The latest survey was conducted in 2018-2020 (previously 2012 and 2004). Data are available in Statbank Denmark (Statistics Denmark) in Danish and English. Find more information about the surveys on the Ministry of Culture's website (in Danish).

Den Norske Fagpresses Forening
Norwegian Specialised Press Association

Branch organisation which offers information about the specialist press in Norway. Data are published online in Fagpressekatalogen.

Den Norske Forleggerforening
Norwegian Publishers' Association

The trade association of Norwegian publishers. Provides branch statistics (book sales, turnover) online. Every other year, a reading survey measuring the population's attitudes to books and their reading and buying habits (Leserundersøkelsen) is conducted in cooperation with Bokhandlerforeningen, the booksellers' association.

DFI – Det Danske Filminstitut
Danish Film Institute

The annual brochure Facts & Figures presents an overview of production, distribution and exhibition of all feature-length films in Denmark. The brochure also includes some data on DVD sales and rentals. Available on the website.

Digital Agenda for Europe (European Commission)

European Commission's site with facts on digital agenda for Europe, including sectors Content & Media and Telecoms & Internet. Media policies, data and other information.

Digital News Report
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism

Annual reports about digital news consumption, published by The Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism. The aim is to track and compare changes in online news consumption across countries. The latest edition 2018 included 37 countries in Europe, Asia-Pacific and the Americas. Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are included.

DR Medieudviklingen (rapport)
DR Media Development (report)

Annual report about the latest media use trends in Denmark, published by the media research department within DR, the Danish public service broadcaster. The report covers radio, tv, internet and different new services/technology. The Danish version is published in the beginning of each year. The reports are also published in English here.

EAO, European Audiovisual Observatory

A European public service body comprising 40 member States and the European Community, represented by the European Commission. Operates within the legal framework of the Council of Europe. Provides information about the European audiovisual industry: statistics, media law & policy, yearbooks and databases. Free online databases:  MAVISE, with data on television channels and television companies in the European Union, LUMIERE, with data on admissions of films released in Europe, and AVMSD database with information on how the Audiovisual Media Services Directive is being applied in each country.

EBU, European Broadcasting Union

The EBU’s Media Intelligence Service publishes reports on e.g. digital radio roll-out in Europe and overviews of funding of public media, which are open to the public and available for download (registration required).

EJC, European Journalism Center: Media Landscapes

EJC is an international non-profit institute, which works to promote quality journalism through professional training, etc. On a special website, EJC offers descriptions of the media landscapes in more than 50 countries across the world: media, organisations, policies, education and conclusions.

Danish Energy Agency

Information about the ICT-sector in Denmark. Publishes reports with data on telephony, broadband, etc. For data in English, see this page on Telecom in numbers.